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Title Study of the Mechanisms of Microbubble-Facilitated Sonoporation in vitro in Controlled Environments.
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Biomedical Engineering
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher University of Michigan
Abstract Successful delivery of drug molecules and therapeutic genetic materials across the plasma membrane into the target cells in sufficient dosage is important for satisfactory treatment effects. Ultrasound excitation of microbubbles generates disruption of the cell membrane (sonoporation) and opens new opportunities for non-viral intracellular drug and gene delivery. When excited by ultrasound, microbubbles undergo rapid volume expansion and contraction as well as collapse (cavitation) and can temporally disrupt the cell membrane, creating a direct physical route for the transport of extracellular agents into viable cells. However, despite increasing interest and recent progresses, challenges and difficulties remain to be overcome, including relatively low delivery efficiency and large variation in delivery outcomes. These difficulties are mainly due to the insufficient understanding of the underlying mechanisms and process of sonoporation. This study aims to obtain a comprehensive understanding of sonoporation mechanisms and process under well controlled environments. We employed various strategies to precisely control microbubbles location and cavitation, using fast-frame bright field video-microscopy combined with real-time fluorescence microscopy to reveal ultrasound excited microbubble dynamics and subsequent cellular responses, such as membrane rupture, calcium transient and waves, and gene transfection. The specific aims of this study are: 1) to investigate the intracellular transport and calcium transient generated by sonoporation; 2) to exploit dynamics activities of microbubbles driven by ultrasound and correlate with delivery outcomes; 3) to achieve controlled and enhanced delivery outcomes facilitated by targeted microbubbles.
Subjects/Keywords Sonoporation; Microbubble; Ultrasound; Intracellular Drug and Gene Delivery; Calcium Imaging; Biomedical Engineering; Engineering
Contributors Deng, Cheri Xiaoyu (committee member); Bull, Joseph L. (committee member); Fowlkes, J. Brian (committee member); Takayama, Shuichi (committee member)
Language en
Rights Unrestricted
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:2027.42/91472
Repository umich
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-03-07
Grantor University of Michigan, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies
Issued Date 2012-01-01 00:00:00
Note [thesisdegreename] Ph.D.; [thesisdegreediscipline] Biomedical Engineering; [thesisdegreegrantor] University of Michigan, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies; [bitstreamurl] http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/91472/1/zhenzfan_1.pdf;

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