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Title Physical Activity Experiences of Persian Women Recently Immigrated to Canada
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Date Accessioned
Discipline/Department Kinesiology and Health Studies
University/Publisher Queens University
Abstract New immigrants to Canada are generally in similar or better physical and mental health than people born in Canada, however, many studies suggest that their health tends to decline quickly after immigration. Lower physical activity levels among new immigrants might be contributing to this phenomenon. There is a paucity of information regarding the physical activity behaviour of the Canadian immigrant population in general and of West Asian women, such as Iranians (Persians), in particular. Given that this group is characterised by an increasing population growth and lower rates of physical activity, it is critical to understand how best to address physical activity promotion in this population. Purpose: To understand the physical activity experiences of Persian women recently immigrated to Toronto, Canada in order to develop recommendations for the design and implementation of tailored physical activity programs. Methods: A qualitative interpretive description approach was chosen to collect and describe ideas, experiences, and perceptions of physical activity within 10 new immigrant women. Using an inductive approach, two fundamental techniques of immersion and crystallization were used throughout the analysis. Thematic analysis was conducted by performing a sequential process of open and axial coding. Emerged themes were further conceptualized through a socio-ecological lens. Results: The facilitators and barriers to physical activity among the women were situated within five overarching categories, 1) Perceptions about physical activity, 2) New physical environment and social structure, 3) Cultural heritage values, 4) Settlement and immigration factors, and 5) Physical activity program features. Discussion: Findings revealed that Persian new immigrant women’s engagement in physical activity after immigration is influenced by factors across the individual, sociocultural, environmental, institutional, and policy levels. Newcomer women’s physical activity was influenced by their transition from their society of origin to the host society and the challenges and successes experienced throughout the settlement and acculturation process. The most noticeable barrier to physical activity in Canada for the women emerged as the lack of communication of physical activity information to newcomers. A set of recommendations is provided for developing efficient physical activity programs for Persian immigrant women, which may also be relevant for other immigrant groups in Canada.
Subjects/Keywords Immigrants' Health Behaviour; Healthy Immigrant Effect; Physical Activity in Persian (Iranian) Immigrants in Canada; Physical Activity in New Immigrants; Physical Activity in West Asian immigrants in Canada; Immigrants' Physical Activity; Immigrants' Health Decline; Immigrants' Health
Language en
Rights Queen's University's Thesis/Dissertation Non-Exclusive License for Deposit to QSpace and Library and Archives Canada
Country of Publication ca
Record ID handle:1974/15063
Repository queens
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2019-11-01
Issued Date 2016-10-04 00:00:00

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…10 2.2 Demographics of Physical Activity in Canada ................................................................... 10 2.3 The Immigrant Population to Canada ................................................................................. 14 2.4…

…Healthy Immigrant Effect.................................................................................................... 19 2.5 Acculturation…

…119 Appendix H : Consent Form ....................................................................................................... 121 xii List of Figures Figure 1: Barriers and facilitators of physical activity in new immigrant Persian women in…

…Canada........................................................................................................................................... 86 Figure 2. Dual barrier/facilitator influences on physical activity of Persian new immigrant women in…

…immigrants, especially women, have been shown to have the lowest levels of physical activity (Dogra et al., 2010). Despite these differing patterns of physical activity between immigrant and nonimmigrant populations in Canada, scholars do not…

…commonly consider how ethnicity, immigration status and years lived in Canada impact immigrant health behaviours. In fact, within the existing health literature, many scholars do not distinguish between the ethnic heritage and immigration status of…

…activity in the immigrant population living in Canada, it is important to understand why physical activity practices are less frequent among this segment of the Canadian population and to uncover whether 2 or not these patterns are a larger reflection of…

…Yssaad, 2012) and longer work hours than non-immigrant groups (Gilmore, 2009), which may leave little time for physical activity or recreational activities. There is a paucity of information regarding the factors that influence physical 3…

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