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Title The Non-alcoholic Beverage Market in the United States: Demand Interrelationships, Dynamics, Nutrition Issues and Probability Forecast Evaluation
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Degree PhD
Discipline/Department Agricultural Economics
Degree Level doctoral
University/Publisher Texas A&M University
Abstract There are many different types of non-alcoholic beverages (NAB) available in the United States today compared to a decade ago. Additionally, the needs of beverage consumers have evolved over the years centering attention on functionality and health dimensions. These trends in volume of consumption are a testament to the growth in the NAB industry. Our study pertains to ten NAB categories. We developed and employed a unique cross-sectional and time-series data set based on Nielsen Homescan data associated with household purchases of NAB from 1998 through 2003. First, we considered demographic and economic profiling of the consumption of NAB in a two-stage model. Race, region, age and presence of children and gender of household head were the most important factors affecting the choice and level of consumption. Second, we used expectation-prediction success tables, calibration, resolution, the Brier score and the Yates partition of the Brier score to measure the accuracy of predictions generated from qualitative choice models used to model the purchase decision of NAB by U.S. households. The Yates partition of the Brier score outperformed all other measures. Third, we modeled demand interrelationships, dynamics and habits of NAB consumption estimating own-price, cross-price and expenditure elasticities. The Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System, the synthetic Barten model and the State Adjustment Model were used. Soft drinks were substitutes and fruit juices were complements for most of non-alcoholic beverages. Investigation of a proposed tax on sugar-sweetened beverages revealed the importance of centering attention not only to direct effects but also to indirect effects of taxes on beverage consumption. Finally, we investigated factors affecting nutritional contributions derived from consumption of NAB. Also, we ascertained the impact of the USDA year 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans associated with the consumption of NAB. Significant factors affecting caloric and nutrient intake from NAB were price, employment status of household head, region, race, presence of children and the gender of household food manager. Furthermore, we found that USDA nutrition intervention program was successful in reducing caloric and caffeine intake from consumption of NAB. The away-from-home intake of beverages and potential impacts of NAB advertising are not captured in our work. In future work, we plan to address these limitations.
Subjects/Keywords Non-alcoholic beverages; Heckman Model; Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System; Houthakker and Taylor model; Barten Synthetic Model; State Adjustment Model; Demand systems; Probability Forecast Evaluation; The Brier Score; Nutritional Contributions of Non-alcoholic beverages; Diversion Ratio; Sugar-sweetened beverages; Yates Partition of the Brier score
Contributors Capps, Oral (advisor); Bessler, David A. (committee member); Love, Alan H. (committee member); Williams, Gary W. (committee member); Anderson, Richard K. (committee member)
Language en
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2010-05-7911
Repository tamu
Date Indexed 2020-08-12
Grantor Texas A&M University
Issued Date 2011-08-08 00:00:00

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