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Title The Middle Class in the Middle Kingdom: Regime Support for the Chinese Leadership?
URL
Publication Date
Date Accessioned
Degree MA
Discipline/Department East Asian Languages & Cultures
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher University of Kansas
Abstract Over the last thirty years China has witnessed economic development at an extraordinary rate. China has also developed a growing urban middle class. However, China remains the world's largest authoritarian regime. Modernization Theory suggests the middle class drives regime change from authoritarian forms of government to more open and democratic forms of governance. Does the middle class in China display the lower levels of support for non-democratic leadership, suggested by Modernization Theory, compared to other classes? Using data both from World Values Survey and a joint Texas A&M and Peking University survey, I find the Chinese middle class does not display the unique low levels of support suggested by Modernization Theory. The data suggests the Jiang Zemin's "Three Represents" (三个代表 - Sāngè Dàibiǎo) has been a highly effective policy. The "Three Represents" opened the Party to businessmen and entrepreneurs, individuals previously seen as class enemies of the Chinese people while continuing to expand economic opportunity. Had Jiang Zemin not implement the "Three Represents," it is likely the Party would have alienated the growing middle class and perhaps China would have developed as Modernization Theory suggests.
Subjects/Keywords Asian studies; Political science; China; Middle class; Modernization theory; Three represents
Contributors Kennedy, John J (advisor); Childs, Maggie (cmtemember); Greene, Megan (cmtemember)
Language en
Rights This item is protected by copyright and unless otherwise specified the copyright of this thesis/dissertation is held by the author.
openAccess
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:1808/12216
Repository ku
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2018-02-01
Issued Date 2013-08-31 00:00:00

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