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Title The appropriate assistance for Hmong college students
Publication Date
Degree MA
Discipline/Department Education (Higher Education Leadership
Degree Level masters
University/Publisher California State University – Sacramento
Abstract Since the arrival of the Hmong in the United States as war refugees, they have been shadowed by the Asian Minority Success Myth (Ngo & Lee, 2007) which holds that all Asians and Asian Americans excel in the classroom. A Critical Race Theory analysis of this model and the varieties of Cultural Capital brought to this Acculturation process shows Hmong students at a disadvantage (Bourdieu, 1986; DePouw, 2012; Perna & Thomas, 2008; Rick, 1988). Other literature suggests hidden Cultural Capital, positive characteristics of Biculturation and positive outcomes of Hybridity can promote education success among minority students (Lowe, 2000; Rick, 1988; Yosso, 2005). Statement of Problem: Not all Hmong college students go through the same challenges. This study categorizes Hmong college students by various demographic variables to determine challenges they face from family, community, institution and self as they pursue their higher education. It explores what might be most supportive of Hmong college student success. Methodology: The researcher surveyed Hmong college students at one California university during the 2011-2012 academic year about the challenges they face in completing their college education and the resources they draw upon and the ways in which their path through college could be better supported. The students self-identified as Hmong and were contacted through the Hmong University Student Association. Participant responses were coded and analyzed to identify patterns of responses that pointed to common issues and to differences among subgroups within the Hmong students. Conclusions and Recommendations: Students surveyed were primarily from two categories: Adjusting-Animist-Male and Adjusting-Animist-Female. The greatest differences in responses were tied to gender, with males facing self-related challenges and females facing family-related challenges. Both faced institution-related challenges. Problems of support were tied more to difficulties in students reaching out for help rather than institutional refusal. Future research regarding Hmong college students should begin at the high school level, and study the intersections of culture, surroundings and self-concept as these affect Hmong students??? difficulties in reaching out to others in their educational environment.
Subjects/Keywords Assistance for Hmong students; Cultural capital; Hybridity; Biculturation; Acculturation
Contributors Blanchard, Rosemary Ann
Language en
Country of Publication us
Record ID handle:10211.9/1702
Repository sacramento
Date Retrieved
Date Indexed 2017-05-12

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…before have now raised children to become first-generation college students. Among Hmong students attending college institutions, their performance and success rate are not as comparable to the other Asian ethnicities as the Asian American Minority Model…

…that could improve the success rate among Hmong college students. The Hmong population in the United States is on the rise. From the 2010 Census, the national total was 260,076, which increased from 186,310 that were recorded in 2000. That is about a 40…

…language, although some were literate in Lao, French and/or Thai. They were now asked to become literate or teach their children to be literate in another language. Thus, is not surprising that 3 Hmong students have not always measured up to the…

…essentialist stereotype of being successful in education because they were Asian (Ngo & Lee, 2007). Statement of Problem The intention of this research is help Hmong students succeed in higher education. The researcher will examine differences and…

…What are the types of assistance Hmong students need or find most helpful when completing college? 3. Do Hmong students face different challenges and obstacles based on such factors as their family background, their adaptation to living in the United…

…States or other identifiable characteristics? Significance of the Study This research will add to the body of literature of the Hmong educational experience in the United States by identifying current challenges and problems Hmong students face. This…

…study is also significant because the researcher is also Hmong and the study will be a study conducted within the Hmong population instead of a study from an outsider looking in. The study seeks to identify types of assistance these students need most or…

…educational settings. Definition of Terms In this research, the researcher creates a classification guide to categorize and identify characteristics of the Hmong students included in the study based on their family background and status in the United States…