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Title Essays in development, governance, and decisions
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Publication Date
Discipline/Department Economics
University/Publisher University of California – San Diego
Abstract In this dissertation I focus on the political economy of corruption in fraudulent elections and on the effects of trauma on economic decision making. In Chapter 1, I provide results from a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) impact evaluation of a novel anti-fraud technology Photo Quick Count, designed to reduce fraud involving transactions between corrupt officials and parliamentary candidates. In Chapter 2, I provide results from a novel field experiment which uses methods from lab experimental economics, psychology, and field experimental economics to link trauma to economic decision making. In Chapter 3, I theoretically develop the impact trauma should have on measured time preference and provide a preliminary non- experimental test using data from populations affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake
Subjects/Keywords Psychological aspects Econometric models Economics; Decision making Econometric models Economic aspects; Psychological aspects Decision making Econometric models; Psychological aspects Econometric models Risk assessment; Afghanistan Corrupt practices Econometric models Elections; Afghanistan Psychological aspects Econometric models Violence; Psychological aspects Econometric models Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004
Rights public
Country of Publication us
Format application/pdf
Record ID california:qt34g77600
Other Identifiers qt34g77600
Repository california
Date Indexed 2018-02-26

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…political economy of corruption in fraudulent elections and on the effects of trauma on economic decision making. In Chapter 1, I provide results from a Randomized Control Trial (RCT) impact evaluation of a novel anti-fraud technology Photo Quick…

…Time Preference . . . . . . . 85 3.2.2 Life Experience, Preferences, and Economic Success 86 3.3 Theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 3.3.1 Predictions of Decreased Patience . . . . . . . . . . 88 3.3.2 Predictions of…

…exceptional support and guidance. This work could not have happened without critical support from the Independent Election Commission, Democracy International, and the Free and Fair Elections Foundation Afghanistan, the International Security Assistance Force…

…experimental economics to link trauma to economic decision making. In Chapter 3, I theoretically develop the impact trauma should have on measured time preference and provide a preliminary non-experimental test using data from populations affected by the 2004…

…Indian Ocean Earthquake. xii Chapter 1 Institutional Corruption and Election Fraud: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan Abstract Elections in developing countries commonly fail to deliver accountability because of manipulation, which often…

…corrupt officials. We find strong evidence that the intervention reduced election fraud in the 2010 parliamentary elections in Afghanistan. Independent fraud measurements at separate stages of the ballot aggregation process show that the intervention…

…corrupt officials determines the equilibrium price of illegal votes. 1 2 1.1 Introduction Free and fair elections are central to democracy and provide a vital means of empowering citizens to hold politicians accountable.1 Election fraud commonly…

…al., 2005; Chattopadhyay and Duflo, 2004; Fujiwara, 2010; Pande, 2003). Recent work indicates that in countries experiencing or emerging from violent contests for state control, such as Afghanistan, fair elections may also undermine popular…

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